Lidé

Ing. Jiří Horyna

Všechny publikace

Decentralized swarms of unmanned aerial vehicles for search and rescue operations without explicit communication

  • DOI: 10.1007/s10514-022-10066-5
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10514-022-10066-5
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    In this paper, we introduce a distributed autonomous flocking behavior of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in demanding outdoor conditions, motivated by search and rescue applications. We propose a novel approach for decentralized swarm navigation in the direction of a candidate object of interest (OOI) based on real-time detections from onboard RGB cameras. A novel self-adaptive communication strategy secures an efficient change of swarm azimuth to a higher priority direction based on the real-time detections. We introduce a local visual communication channel that establishes a network connection between neighboring robots without explicit communication to achieve high reliability and scalability of the system. As a case study, this novel method is applied for the deployment of a UAV swarm towards detected OOI for closer inspection and verification. The results of simulations and real-world experiments have verified the intended behavior of the swarm system for the detection of true positive and false positive OOI, as well as for cooperative environment exploration.

Adaptive arbitration of aerial swarm interactions through a Gaussian kernel for coherent group motion

  • DOI: 10.3389/frobt.2022.1006786
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2022.1006786
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    Swarm behaviors offer scalability and robustness to failure through a decentralized and distributed design. When designing coherent group motion as in swarm flocking, virtual potential functions are a widely used mechanism to ensure the aforementioned properties. However, arbitrating through different virtual potential sources in real-time has proven to be difficult. Such arbitration is often affected by fine tuning of the control parameters used to select among the different sources and by manually set cut-offs used to achieve a balance between stability and velocity. A reliance on parameter tuning makes these methods not ideal for field operations of aerial drones which are characterized by fast non-linear dynamics hindering the stability of potential functions designed for slower dynamics. A situation that is further exacerbated by parameters that are fine-tuned in the lab is often not appropriate to achieve satisfying performances on the field. In this work, we investigate the problem of dynamic tuning of local interactions in a swarm of aerial vehicles with the objective of tackling the stability–velocity trade-off. We let the focal agent autonomously and adaptively decide which source of local information to prioritize and at which degree—for example, which neighbor interaction or goal direction. The main novelty of the proposed method lies in a Gaussian kernel used to regulate the importance of each element in the swarm scheme. Each agent in the swarm relies on such a mechanism at every algorithmic iteration and uses it to tune the final output velocities. We show that the presented approach can achieve cohesive flocking while at the same time navigating through a set of way-points at speed. In addition, the proposed method allows to achieve other desired field properties such as automatic group splitting and joining over long distances. The aforementioned properties have been empirically proven by an extensive set of simulated and field experiments, in communication-full and communication-less scenarios. Moreover, the presented approach has been proven to be robust to failures, intermittent communication, and noisy perceptions.

Decentralized Multi-robot Velocity Estimation for UAVs Enhancing Onboard Camera-based Velocity Measurements

  • DOI: 10.1109/IROS47612.2022.9981894
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1109/IROS47612.2022.9981894
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    Within the field of multi-robot systems, developing systems that rely only on onboard sensing without the use of external infrastructure (e.g. GNSS) has many potential applications. However, relying only on visual-based modalities for localization presents challenges in terms of accuracy and reliability. We introduce a decentralized multi-robot lateral velocity estimation method for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to improve onboard measurements in case GNSS infrastructure is not available. This method relies on sharing the onboard measurements of neighbors, as well as the estimation of the relative motion of a focal UAV within the swarm, based on observation of coworking robots. The proposed velocity estimation method does not rely on centralized communication to achieve high reliability and scalability within the swarm system. The performance of the state estimation approach has been verified in simulations and real-world experiments. The results have shown that a swarm of UAVs using the proposed velocity estimator can stabilize individual robots when their primary onboard localization source is not reliable enough.

MRS Modular UAV Hardware Platforms for Supporting Research in Real-World Outdoor and Indoor Environments

  • DOI: 10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836083
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836083
  • Pracoviště: Katedra kybernetiky, Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    This paper presents a family of autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) platforms designed for a diverse range of indoor and outdoor applications. The proposed UAV design is highly modular in terms of used actuators, sensor configurations, and even UAV frames. This allows to achieve, with minimal effort, a proper experimental setup for single, as well as, multi-robot scenarios. Presented platforms are intended to facilitate the transition from simulations, and simplified laboratory experiments, into the deployment of aerial robots into uncertain and hard-to-model real-world conditions. We present mechanical designs, electric configurations, and dynamic models of the UAVs, followed by numerous recommendations and technical details required for building such a fully autonomous UAV system for experimental verification of scientific achievements. To show strength and high variability of the proposed system, we present results of tens of completely different real-robot experiments in various environments using distinct actuator and sensory configurations.

Swarming of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles by Sharing Distributed Observations of Workspace

  • Autoři: Křížek, M., Ing. Jiří Horyna, doc. Ing. Martin Saska, Dr. rer. nat.,
  • Publikace: 2022 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS). Piscataway: IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2022. p. 300-309. 2022. ISSN 2575-7296. ISBN 978-1-6654-0593-5.
  • Rok: 2022
  • DOI: 10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836073
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836073
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    A control and relative localization approach for a swarm of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) flying in a forest environment is proposed in this paper. To achieve robust mutual relative localization of agents in such an obstacle-rich environment, we propose a decentralized localization approach based on a comparison of the workspace observation by on-board sensors of cooperating UAVs. We propose sharing sparse local obstacle maps to estimate bearing and distance between swarm members by fitting spacialy and time-distributed scans. Moreover, we propose fully decentralized flocking control rules adapted for deployment in such demanding conditions of real forests. The proposed approach was verified in the realistic Gazebo simulator, as well as in outdoor experiments. The approach introduced in this paper was also compared with a state-of-the-art method for relative localization and navigation of a swarm through a forest.

UVDAR-COM: UV-Based Relative Localization of UAVs with Integrated Optical Communication

  • DOI: 10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836151
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS54217.2022.9836151
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    An optical inter-agent communication integrated into a relative localization system designed for the stabilization of teams of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is introduced in this paper. We propose an alternative optical communication channel using UV light as a physical transmission medium in free space. The proposed communication system is suitable for implicit short-range inter-agent communication. It is robust against channel saturation and radio jamming that are bottlenecks of radio communication commonly used within aerial swarms. The proposed localization-communication system UVDAR-COM was verified in simulations and real-world experiments. Additionally, we present a simulated experiment showing the performance of the UVDAR-COM system within a decentralized swarm application.

Autonomous Collaborative Transport of a Beam-Type Payload by a Pair of Multi-rotor Helicopters

  • DOI: 10.1109/ICUAS51884.2021.9476789
  • Odkaz: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS51884.2021.9476789
  • Pracoviště: Multirobotické systémy
  • Anotace:
    Collaborative payload carrying by multi-rotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is presented in this paper. We propose a unique control strategy for a pair of UAVs operating with a beam-type payload that is independent of precise localization techniques or unconventional sensor equipment, allowing the system to be operable outside of the laboratory environments. The designed control system comes out with the dynamics of the coupled system, which corresponds to a bicopter aerial vehicle. Such a configuration allows for the use of estimation and control methods typical for a conventional multi-rotor aerial vehicle. The proposed master-slave control system consists of a feedback controller and an MPC reference tracker on the side of the master agent. The slave agent serves as an actuator under command of the master. In addition to the control, a system for payload detection and localization is presented. We fuse the data from RGB and depth cameras to provide sufficient conditions during payload grasping. A state machine was designed to synchronize the master-slave collaborative operations, including payload grasping or response to failure.

Za stránku zodpovídá: Ing. Mgr. Radovan Suk